What type of disease is atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a non-contagious inflammatory skin condition. It is a chronic disease characterized by dry, itchy skin that can weep clear fluid when scratched.

How is atopic dermatitis classified?

Classification of Atopic Dermatitis

Classification by Means of Allergic Sensitization Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by severe pruritus, a chronically relapsing course, a distinctive distribution of eczematous skin lesions, and a personal or fam- ily history of atopic diseases.

Is atopic dermatitis considered an autoimmune disease?

For the first time, a team led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has proven that atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is an immune-driven (autoimmune) disease at the molecular level.

Is atopic dermatitis an inflammatory disease?

Atopic dermatitis is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease and presents a major public health burden worldwide.

Is atopic dermatitis a systemic disease?

The most explicit evidence that AD can be regarded as a systemic disease is the so-called “atopic march.” It is defined as the progression through the atopic individual’s life-form atopic dermatitis in infancy to asthma and allergic rhinitis in childhood.

What is atopic disease?

Atopic dermatitis, also called eczema, is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disease of the skin that leads to itching and risks for skin infection. It is the most common skin disease in children: about 10% to 20% of children in the United States and Western Europe have atopic dermatitis.

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Is atopic dermatitis a chronic disease?

Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a non-contagious inflammatory skin condition. It is a chronic disease characterized by dry, itchy skin that can weep clear fluid when scratched.

What is autoimmune dermatitis?

Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is a condition in which the menstrual cycle is associated with a number of skin findings such as urticaria, eczema, angioedema, and others. In affected women, it occurs 3–10 days prior to the onset of menstrual flow, and resolves 2 days into menses.

What diseases are considered autoimmune?

Examples of autoimmune diseases include:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis. …
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus). …
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). …
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS). …
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus. …
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome. …
  • Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. …
  • Psoriasis.

What cells cause atopic dermatitis?

The specialised immune cells of the epidermis (Langerhans cells) have an increased response to these antigens in atopic dermatitis and interact with dermal T cells to produce an even greater Th2 response further exacerbating the barrier defect.

What autoimmune disease is associated with eczema?

Some primary immunodeficiency diseases are, however, associated with more severe eczema. These include WAS, Hyper-IgE Syndrome (HIES), IPEX syndrome, and certain forms of Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID).

What diseases cause eczema?

Conditions Related to Eczema

  • Asthma. About 20% of adults with atopic dermatitis also have asthma, an allergic condition which causes a person’s airways to become inflamed, swollen and narrow. …
  • Allergic Rhinitis. …
  • Food Allergies. …
  • Infections. …
  • Mental Health Conditions. …
  • Other Related Conditions.