What is contact dermatitis quizlet?

What exactly is contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it. The rash isn’t contagious or life-threatening, but it can be very uncomfortable. Many substances can cause such reactions, including soaps, cosmetics, fragrances, jewelry and plants.

What is the most common cause of contact dermatitis?

Nickel. Nickel is the most frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis. Between 8% and 11% of women have this allergy.

Why is it called contact dermatitis?

Dermatitis is the medical term for skin inflammation (irritation). Contact dermatitis is an allergic or irritant reaction that causes a painful or itchy skin rash. As the name suggests, you get contact dermatitis from coming into contact with an allergen (like poison ivy) or an irritant (like a chemical).

What are the types of contact dermatitis?

There are two main types of contact dermatitis: irritant and allergic.

Is dermatitis caused by stress?

Anxiety and stress are common triggers that cause eczema to flare up, which then creates more anxiety and stress, which then leads to more eczema flare-ups.

Does contact dermatitis go away on its own?

Most cases of contact dermatitis go away on their own once the substance is no longer in contact with the skin. Here are some tips you can try at home: Avoid scratching your irritated skin. Scratching can make the irritation worse or even cause a skin infection that requires antibiotics.

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Can contact dermatitis spread by touch?

Irritant Contact Dermatitis should not spread. The irritant affects the area where it came in contact with the skin.

Can dermatitis be cured?

No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks. For example, it helps to avoid harsh soaps, moisturize your skin regularly, and apply medicated creams or ointments.

What is the best medication for contact dermatitis?

Topical corticosteroids (also known as steroid creams) are typically the first-line treatment for contact dermatitis. 9 Hydrocortisone (in stronger formulation than OTC options), triamcinolone, and clobetasol are commonly prescribed. These can help reduce itching and irritation, and they work rather quickly.

What do dermatitis look like?

Psoriasis and dermatitis – especially seborrheic dermatitis – can look similar. Both look like patches of red skin with flakes of skin on top of and around the redness. However, in psoriasis, the scales are often thicker and the edges of those scales are well-defined.

What causes dermatitis on hands?

Hand dermatitis is frequently caused or aggravated by work when it is known as occupational dermatitis. Irritants include water, detergents, solvents, acids, alkalis, cold, heat and friction. These can damage the outer stratum corneum, removing lipids and disturbing the skin’s barrier function.